Democracy, as defined by one political thinker, means "government of the people, by the people and for the people". The only problem is that rarely do we get- governments that are really all' these three. There are a lot .of mockeries of "democracy" around the globe. In our case, for democracy to be meaningful and not a mockery, it must contain three elements: parliamentary democracy, popular democracy and a decent level of living for every Ugandan. In other words, there should be an elected parliament, elected at regular intervals and such elections must be free of corruption and manipulation of the population. In addition to this exercise, however, there must be people's committees at the village, muluka, gombolola, saza and district level. We do not mind if the saza level is skipped. These committees would deal with each level's local affairs subject. to superior laws. The committees could deal with
law-breakers in co-operation with the chiefs and police, take part in discussing local development projects with government officials but, above all, they would be political forums to discuss relevant issues concerning the whole country and act as forums against the corruption and misuse of office by the chief government officials-medical and veterinary, market officers, headmasters, police men, soldiers etc. They would be a channel of communication between the top and the bottom. They would also take part in such project like screening applicants to join the national army, police an prisons in order to avoid anti-social elements warming their way into these institutions as has been the case in the past. In fact we had already implemented this system before the enemy—Obote—disrupted the life of the population in the liberated zones. We had committees at village, muluka, and zone (several gombololas levels in the following gombololas: Makulabita, Semuto, Kapeeka Nakaseke, Kikamulo, Ngoma, Kikandwa, Bukomero, Kiboga, Bukwiri, Kasanda, Busunju, Sekanyonyi, Kakiri, Masuliita, Gombe Wakiso, Nyimbwa, Migyera, Kalungi, Wampiti, Wabusana, Zirobwe, and Wabinyonyi. Through these committees the people could criticise anything they disapproved of e.g. NRA soldiers misbehaving. It is, indeed, people's power. In fact, now, "Abobukiiko' (committee members) is an integral part of the National Resistance Movement. Apart from the open committees in the above gombololas, there are thousands of secret committees all over the country. These, however, are not as democratic as the above on account of still being secret. Democracy in politics however, is not possible without a reasonable level of living for all the people of Uganda An illiterate, sick, superstitious Ugandan does not really take part in the political life of the country even when there is formal democracy. It is normally the local elite, pandering to the various schemes of the unprincipled factions of the national elite, that manipulate the population on behalf of the latter with bribes, misinformation, taking advantage of their ignorance. Therefore the NRM, after removing Obote must think of democracy in a total context of real emancipation. Hence, the importance of some of the subsequent points on our programme. Before leaving this point, it must be pointed out that the immediate problem of Uganda is not economic, but political. When the political questions were mis
handled, the economic problem ensued; and unless the political question is amicably resolved, there will be no economic recovery in Uganda.